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Gray Partridge Perdix perdix


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Gray Partridge
credit: Marek Szczepanek/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Phasianidae, Pheasants and Grouse view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Has orange-buff face and finely marked blue-gray nape, neck, and breast. Note the striking maroon horseshoe marking on otherwise mostly white belly. Body plumage is otherwise reddish brown, but with intricate markings, fine streaks on back, and maroon stripes on flanks. ADULT FEMALE Similar to male, but marking on belly is indistinct or absent and plumage is duller overall. JUVENILE Gray-buff, but with a suggestion of adult's dark markings.

Dimensions Length: 12-14" (30-36 cm)

Habitat Native of Eurasia. Introduced for hunting and now local, but scarce and possibly declining. Favors open grassland and arable farmland.

Observation Tips Easiest to observe outside breeding season when small groups can be seen feeding in open fields.

Range Florida, Great Lakes, Plains, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, New England, Eastern Canada, Northwest, Mid-Atlantic

Voice Male utters a choked and harsh kierr-ikk call.

Discussion Subtly attractive and non-native partridge. Usually wary due to hunting. Typically seen in small groups (coveys) that prefer to run from danger rather than fly. Sexes are separable with care.