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Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina


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Common Ground-Dove
credit: Alan Vernon/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Columbidae, Pigeons and Doves view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Has buffy brown back and gray-buff wing coverts adorned with black spots. Crown and nape are iridescent bluish and face, neck, and underparts are pinkish with dark scaly-looking barring. Pale face shows off beady red eye. Bill is dainty, pale reddish pink, and dark-tipped. ADULT FEMALE Similar, but nape and crown are brownish (and lack iridescence) and face and underparts are less colorful. JUVENILE Similar to adult female, but browner and with fewer, or no, black spots.

Dimensions Length: 6 1/2" (17 cm)

Habitat Mainly Central American species that is a locally common resident in southern U.S. Favors dry, open, bushy terrain with sandy ground. Often found in disturbed and urban sites such as farms and city parks.

Observation Tips Easy to overlook when feeding on ground in dappled shade.

Range Florida, Mid-Atlantic, Plains, Southwest, Texas, Southeast, California

Voice Utters monotonously repeated, upslurred whoo-errp calls.

Similar Species White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi (L 11-12 in) is resident in arid country in southern Texas. Plump bodied with mostly brown upperparts, buffish pink face and underparts, pale eye, and white-tipped tail.

Discussion Small, plump dove with relatively short tail and large head. Feeds unobtrusively, mainly on ground. In flight, chestnut and black pattern on outer wing is striking, above and below. Sexes are dissimilar.