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American Robin Turdus migratorius


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American Robin, adult
credit: en:User:Mdf/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Turdidae, Thrushes view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Has gray-brown back, rump, and wings, grading to blackish on head and neck. Note striking white "eyelids"; throat white with black streaks. Tail dark brown and underparts are mostly brick-red to orange-red, but white on belly and undertail. In flight, note reddish underwing coverts. Legs dark; bill yellowish. ADULT FEMALE Similar, but with paler gray-brown upperparts, paler throat, and less colorful underparts with pale feather fringes creating slightly scaly look. JUVENILE Recalls pale adult female, with bold white teardrop spots on back and dark spots on otherwise washed-out underparts.

Dimensions Length: 9-11" (23-28 cm)

Habitat Common summer visitor (mainly Apr-Sep) to Canada and northern U.S., favoring a wide range of habitats. Present year-round (numbers boosted in winter) across much of southern U.S.

Observation Tips Easy to see.

Range Eastern Canada, California, Southwest, Florida, Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes, Texas, Alaska, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Plains, Western Canada, New England, Northwest

Voice Song has rich, whistling phrases, with pauses between phrases; calls include a sharp puup; flight call is a high, sibilant wee-wheep.

Similar Species Clay-colored Thrush T. grayi (L 10 in) Mainly Central American species, now regular in southern Texas. Has mainly gray-brown plumage, warmest and palest on underparts; throat subtly paler with dark streaks. Song recalls American Robin; calls include a slurred whistle. Favors wooded parks.

Discussion Our most familiar thrush. Feeds mainly on invertebrates, particularly earthworms. Forms flocks in winter. Sexes are separable.