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Swordfish Xiphias gladius


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credit: Werner

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Family: Xiphiidae, Swordfishes view all from this family

Description Swordfish (Xiphias gladius; from Greek ξίφος: sword, and Latin gladius: sword), also known as broadbill in some countries, are large, highly migratory, predatory fish characterized by a long, flat bill. They are a popular sport fish of the billfish category, though elusive. Swordfish are elongated, round-bodied, and lose all teeth and scales by adulthood. These fish can live close to shore. They reach a maximum size of 14 ft 9 in (455 cm) and 1,400 lb (650 kg). The International Game Fish Association's all-tackle angling record for a swordfish was a 1,182 lb (536.15 kg) specimen taken off Chile in 1953.

Dimensions Up to 15' (4.6 m); 1,182 lbs (536.2 kg).

Habitat Open ocean, Ocean or bay shallows.

Range New England, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Florida, California, Northwest, Eastern Canada.