Skip Navigation

Species Search:
FieldGuidesthreatened and/or endangered search resultsthreatened and/or endangered

previous  | next

Eastern Pine Elfin Callophrys niphon


Get Our Newsletters


Advanced Search

Family: Lycaenidae, Gossamer-wing Butterflies view all from this family

Description The Eastern Pine Elfin (Callophrys niphon) is a species of Lycaenidae that is native to North America.

Similar to the Western Pine Elfin but has two dark bars instead of one in the forewing underside cell with strong patterning on the underside. The wingspan ranges from 22–27 mm (0.87–1.1 in).

There is one flight from March–April in the south which occurs between mid May to early June in the north. Females will lay eggs singly on flower buds. The caterpillars eat both the flower and the developing seedpods. Chrysalids hibernate in loosely formed cocoons beneath litter below the plant. Larval foods include Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana) and White Pine (Pinus strobus).

Dimensions The wingspan ranges from 22–27 mm (0.87–1.1 in).

Habitat Cities, suburbs & towns, Forests & woodlands, Meadows & fields.

Range New England, Eastern Canada, Rocky Mountains, Texas, Southeast, Western Canada, Great Lakes, Florida, Mid-Atlantic, Plains.