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Mitchell's Satyr, northeastern subspecies Neonympha mitchellii mitchellii


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Family: Nymphalidae, Brush-footed Butterflies view all from this family

Dimensions 1 1/2-1 3/4" (38-44 mm).

Endangered Status The northeastern subspecies of the Mitchell's Satyr, is on the U.S. Endangered Species List. It is classified as endangered in Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio. This small, delicately marked butterfly was probably naturally rare, because its only habitat, a type of calcium carbonate-rich wetland called a fen, has a very limited distribution in the East. Development and pollution destroyed and degraded many fens over the 20th century, and the butterfly declined accordingly. In 1974 a proposal was made to have the Mitchell's Satyr listed as an endangered species. As so often happens with deserving species that are out of the limelight, its petition sat unanswered for 17 years. By the time this butterfly was officially listed as endangered it was lost in many regions. Unscrupulous collectors wiped out the one remaining colony in New Jersey, and the species has also been extirpated in Ohio. Mitchell's Satyr now survies only in 13 sites in Michigan and two in Indiana.

Habitat Freshwater swamps, marshes & bogs, Meadows & fields.

Range Great Lakes.