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Sea Daisy Borrichia frutescens


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Sea Daisy
credit: Clarence A. Rechenthin

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Alternate name: Bushy Seaside-tansy, Oxeye Daisy, Sea Oxeye

Family: Asteraceae, Aster view all from this family

Description A colony-forming, shrub-like perennial, with ascending branches and attractive foliage. The fleshy, oval, semi-evergreen leaves are pubescent on both sides. Dotting the masses of gray-green foliage are bright yellow, daisy-like flowers.
Habit: native perennial subshrub; brittle gray stems, usually erect, sometimes arching or prostrate, diameters to 1/2 in (1 cm); above a gray-green mounded mat.
Height: to 3 ft (1 m)
Leaf: opposite, sessile, fleshy, gray-green; obovate to spatulate; (3-8 cm) long; resinous and aromatic.
Flower: daisy-like, terminal, to 1 in (2.5 cm) wide; 15-30 pointed oval rays, bright yellow; around an orange-yellow disk.
Fruit: dry seed, black, .1-.2 in (2.5-5 mm) long; without bristles.

Flower June to August.

Flower July - August.

Habitat Salt marsh communities, brackish backwaters, rocky limestone shores, sand dunes; to 30 ft (10 m); also cultivated as an ornamental.

Range Native to coastal areas from Maryland to Texas to Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula; inland in the Rio Grande Valley in Texas; introduced and naturalized in Bermuda, the Bahamas, and Cuba.

Discussion Also known as: bushy sea ox-eye, tree oxeye, silver sea ox-eye, sea daisy, bushy seaside tansy, seaside tansy, gull feed. A wetland indicator, endangered in Maryland. This is a salt-tolerant member of the aster family.

Comments Salt-tolerant. Used effectively as a border or foundation plant.

Exposure Preference Sun.

Native Distribution Coastal areas from Maryland to Texas & Mexico.

Site Preference Coastal sands; brackish marshes.

Soil Preference Wet, brackish sands or muds.