Skip Navigation

Species Search:
FieldGuidesthreatened and/or endangered search resultsthreatened and/or endangered

previous  | next

California Dutchman's Pipe Aristolochia californica


enlarge +

California Dutchman's Pipe, flower
© Lynn Lozier

All Images

1 article:

Get Our Newsletters


Advanced Search

Alternate name: California Pipevine

Family: Aristolochiaceae, Birthwort view all from this family

Description Native perennial woody vine (or less commonly, a shrub). A deciduous vine with purple-striped curving pipe-shaped flowers, whose unpleasant odor is attractive to tiny carrion-feeding insects. After it blooms, the plant sends out new green heart-shaped leaves. Fruits are green winged capsules. The vines grow from rhizomes to a length of over twenty feet and can become quite thick in circumference at maturity.

Flower April-June.

Habitat moist woods and riparian zones.

Range Northern and central California.

Discussion This plant is the sole food source of the Pipevine swallowtail butterfly (Battus philenor).