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Trumpet Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens


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Trumpet Honeysuckle
credit: Dave Govoni/CCSA

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Alternate name: Coral Honeysuckle

Family: Caprifoliaceae, Honeysuckle view all from this family

Description This vine is readily recognized by its red, long-tubular flowers and the bracts connate and completely encircling the stem.
Habit: native perennial vine; twining or trailing; may be evergreen further south.
Height: to 20 ft (6 m).
Leaf: opposite, glossy, deeply clasping, elliptic to oblong to obovate, not toothed, edges rolled down, 1.5-3.5 in (4-9 cm) long, to 2 in (5 cm) wide.
Flower: tubular or trumpet-shaped, deep rose to magenta, pale yellow inside, 5-parted, 1-2 in (25-50 mm) long; in whorled terminal clusters.
Fruit: small round berry, red to scarlet to black, to 0.25 in (6 mm) wide.

Flower March to August.

Flower January - December (in south); July - August (in north)

Habitat Low woods, swamps, bottomlands, bayheads, fencerows, dry woods, thickets; also widely cultivated.

Range Quebec and Maine, south to Florida, west to Texas, northeast to Kansas, Iowa, Michigan and Ontario.

Discussion Endangered in Maine. This beautiful, slender, climbing vine is frequently visited by hummingbirds. The species name refers to its evergreen habit, especially in the South. Upper leaves are united. Five additional species also have upper leaves united. They differ from L. sempervirens in having wide spreading flower lobes.

Comments Not too aggressive. Good climber or ground cover. Prune after flowering to shape and control. Flowers best when given more sun. Tolerates poor drainage.

Exposure Preference Partial shade to sun.

Native Distribution S. Maine to Florida & e. Texas; scattered inland to Illinois

Site Preference Moist, cool woods; fencerows; thickets; roadsides

Soil Preference Various soils. pH 5-7.5.

Wildlife Value Attracts hummingbirds and other birds.