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Crossvine Bignonia capreolata

 

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Crossvine
© Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

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Family: Bignoniaceae, Trumpet Creeper view all from this family



Description A climbing, woody vine reaching 50 ft. long with showy, orange-red, trumpet-shaped flowers that hang in clusters of two to five. Persistent, glossy, semi-evergreen leaves change from dark green in summer to reddish-purple in winter.


Flower April - May.


Flower April - May


Habitat Low, moist woods and fields; dry, open woods.


Range Florida to e. Texas, north to Maryland, West Virginia, and the Ohio River valley.


Discussion Bignonia capreolata is rugged and fast-growing. Claws at the end of its tendrils allow the plant to cling to stone, bricks, and fences without support. Training to avoid crowding of stems will aid in the formation of flower shoots. Branches can be cut back in the spring to encourage flowering. Heavy shade is tolerated, but the best flowering is achieved in full sun.


Comments Bignonia capreolata is rugged and fast-growing. Claws at the end of its tendrils allow B. capriolata to cling to stone, bricks and fences without support. Training to avoid crowding of stems will aid in the formation of flower shoots. Branches can be cut back in the spring to encourage flowering. Heavy shade is tolerated, but the best flowering is achieved in full sun. No serious diseases or insect problems.


Exposure Preference Sun to shade.


Native Distribution Florida to e. Texas, n. to Maryland, West Virginia & the Ohio R. valley


Site Preference Low, moist woods & fields; dry, open woods


Soil Preference Moist, well-drained soils. pH 6.1-8.5


Wildlife Value Hummingbirds are attracted to flowers.


 

 

 

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