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Collared Pika Ochotona collaris


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Collared Pika
credit: NPS

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Family: Ochotonidae, Pikas view all from this family

Description Has gray collar, creamy buff facial patch, and white underparts. Upperparts are drab and washed with gray or black. Hindlimbs slightly longer than forelimbs. July juveniles are near adult-size, but are clear gray while adultsí heads and necks are tinged with brown at this time. The fur is long, dense, and soft, and winter pelage is much longer than summer pelage.

Dimensions 178-198mm, 0mm, 117-145g

Breeding Territorial males accept females in late spring, and 1 or 2 litters of 2-6 blind, naked young are produced after a gestation period of about 30 days. Young reach adult size after 40-50 days, and females breed the following year.

Habitat Alpine & subalpine habitats

Range Alaska

Discussion Active during the daytime, foraging for grasses, which they store in winter caches. Can also be seen sunning on exposed rocks during rest periods. Usually found above timberline, but range extends downward to near sea level. Most Pika home ranges include rocky areas for shelter and basking, and adjacent meadows for foraging.