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Fallow Deer Dama dama (Cervus dama)


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Fallow Deer buck
credit: Johann-Nikolaus Andreae/CCSA

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Family: Cervidae, Deer view all from this family

Description Most animals are rust or tan-colored, with white rump patch and belly; winter pelage is darker and the spots are often indiscernible. The white spots on the back merge into a white line near the rump and there is a black or tan line on the back. Melanistic, very dark, and very light morphs are also known, and may predominate in domesticated herds.

Dimensions 1.4-2.0m, 15-23cm, 79-102kg; / 36-41kg

Habitat Meadows & fields, Scrub, shrub & brushlands

Range Plains, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Texas, California, Western Canada

Discussion An exotic spotted deer with palmate antlers. Originally from the Mediterranean, escapes and releases from game farms have started free-ranging populations in at least seven states and provinces (California, Georgia, Texas, Alabama, Kentucky, New Mexico, and New Brunswick) and islands off British Columbia; many less successful introductions have also occurred. Prefers mixed habitats with open areas for feeding and covered areas for winter food and shelter.