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Collared Peccary Tayassu tajacu


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Collared Peccary
credit: Fir0002/CCSA

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Alternate name: Javelina

Family: Dicotylidae, Peccaries view all from this family

Description A native pig like animal with grizzled dark coat and a whitish collar. The hairs on the head and back can be erected into a mane. Small, inconspicuous tail.

Dimensions 85-102cm, 3-5cm, 15-25kg

Warning Families with young sometimes charge humans.

Breeding Breeding season is November-January, and females produce a single young or twins.

Habitat Canyons & caves, Scrub, shrub & brushlands, Deserts, Grasslands & prairies

Range Southwest, Texas

Discussion This neotropical animal is restricted in the north by cold. Nocturnal in summer, but diurnal in winter. Produces a variety of grunts, snorts, and clicks, which serve to communicate with other herd members. They also mark and rub with facial glands, which probably helps to identify herd members. Groups are territorial, and dominance hierarchies dictate reproductive success of males. Territories are marked with dung piles, and with secretions from rump glands. Diet includes fruits, seeds, roots, and tubers, as well as large amounts of cacti. Herds of 15-20 animals root and browse in grasslands, desert scrub, and arid woodlands.