Track Double-lobed, widely splayed at front; 2 1/2–3 1/2" (64–89 mm) long. Hooves relatively blunt-tipped and spread in front so that track looks square.
Sign Bed: Shallow depression scraped out in shale or dirt on ledge at base of cliff. In vicinity, white hair snagged on vegetation and rocks, or blown to ground.
Scat: Similar to that of sheep and deer; massed when feeding on lush grasses; separate, compacted pellets, usually bell-shaped, sometimes oblong or nearly round, when feeding on drier, brushier foods.