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English Sole Pleuronectes vetulus (Parophrys vetulus)


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English Sole
credit: Stan Shebs/CCSA

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Family: Pleuronectidae, Righteye Flounders view all from this family

Description The English sole, Parophrys vetulus, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on sandy and muddy bottoms in estuaries and near shore areas, at depths of up to 550 metres (1,800 ft). It reaches up to 57 centimetres (22 in) in length, and can weigh up to 1.5 kilograms (3.3 lb). Its native habitat is the Eastern Pacific, stretching from the coast of Baja California in the south to the Bering Sea in the north.

English sole is an important commercial fish, primarily caught off Washington, Oregon and California. Though biomass is increasing, catches have been declining since the 1960s and are currently almost at an all-time low.

English sole is also known as lemon sole.

Dimensions Up to 22" (56 cm).

Habitat Ocean or bay shallows.

Range California, Northwest, Western Canada, Alaska.