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St.-Andrew's-cross Hypericum hypericoides ssp. hypericoides (Ascyrum hypericoides)

 

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St.-Andrew's-cross
© Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

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Family: Clusiaceae, St.-John's-wort view all from this family



Description Pairs of small, oval leaves line the sparse, ascending to spreading branches of this 1-3 ft. shrubby plant. Showy, yellow, flowers with numerous stamens top the branches either singly or in branched clusters from the upper axils. The four petals of each flower are arranged in a cross.


Habitat Dry woods; pine barrens; sand hills and ridges; floodplains.


Range Florida to e. Texas, north to New Jersey, s. Indiana, and Missouri.


Discussion Three well-defined subspecies of Hypericum hypericoides occur in the eastern U.S.: ssp. hypericoides, ssp. multicaule, and ssp. oblongifolium.


Comments Three well-defined varieties occur in the eastern U.S.: var. hypericoides FL to TX & Mex., n. to VA & TN; var. multicaule GA to e. TX, n. to MA, s. IN & s.e. MO; and var. oblongifolium FL to MS, n. to MD & s.e. MO


Exposure Preference Sun to partial shade.


Flower June - September


Native Distribution Florida to e. Texas, n. to Nantucket I., Pennsylvania, s. Indiana & s.e. Kansas


Site Preference Dry woods; pine barrens; sand hills & ridges; floodplains


Soil Preference Light, sandy or rocky soils


Wildlife Value Browsed by white-tail deer.


 

 

 

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