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Gallberry Ilex glabra


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Gallberry, showing immature fruit
credit: Carla Edwards, North Carolina State Parks

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Alternate name: Inkberry

Family: Aquifoliaceae, Holly view all from this family

Description Also known as Appalachian Tea, Dye-leaves, Evergreen Winterberry, and Inkberry, this holly species is native to the Eastern and the South Central United States and southern Canada (Nova Scotia). Cultivars of this plant is often used as an ornamental plant. Gallberry nectar is the source of a pleasant honey that is popular in the southern United States.

Warning All Ilex species may be somewhat toxic if ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil.

Habitat Swamps (fresh & salt), Scrub, shrub & brushlands, Watersides (fresh).

Range Texas, Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, New England, Florida.