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Norway Spruce Picea abies


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Norway Spruce, cones & needles
credit: 4028mdk09/CCSA

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Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Large evergreen coniferous tree. Bark reddish brown scaly. Shoots orange-brown. Needles quadrangular in cross-section, dark green on all four sides with inconspicuous stomatal lines, 12–24 mm long. Cones green or reddish brown, 9–17 cm long, drooping. Cone scale triangular-pointed. Seeds black, 4–5 mm long, with a pale brown 15 mm wing.

Dimensions Height: 24 m. (80 ft)
Diameter: 0.6 m. (2 ft).

Habitat Cities, suburbs & towns.

Range Northwest, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Plains, Southeast, Rocky Mountains, New England, California.

Discussion One of the most economically important coniferous species in Europe, widely planted both in and out of its native range. Used for timber, paper production, and as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. It is esteemed as a source of wood for use in making of musical instruments. Widely planted for use as a Christmas tree.