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Cedar-of-Lebanon Cedrus libani


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Cedar-of-Lebanon, needles
credit: MPF/CCSA

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Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Wide-sweeping evergreen. Trunk massive, upright. Branches level, horizontal originating on lower trunk. Dark green needles and cones appear upright above foliage. Pyramidal shape when young, opening with age. Crown conic, becoming broadly tabular with age. Shoots dimorphic, long and short. Leaves needle-like, spaced out on the long shoots, in clusters on the short shoots.; 5–30 mm. long, cross-section quadrangular, varying green to blue-green, stomatal bands on four sides. Seed cones produced every second year, mature in 12 months from pollination; mature cones in late autumn are 8–12 cm. long and 4–6 cm. wide.

Dimensions Height: 24 m. (80 ft.)
Diameter: 0.9 m. (3 ft.).

Habitat Cities, suburbs & towns.

Range New England, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Northwest, California, Florida.

Discussion The Lebanon Cedar is the national emblem of Lebanon. As a result of long exploitation, few old trees remain in Lebanon, but there is now an active program to conserve and regenerate the forests. The Lebanese approach has emphasized natural regeneration rather than planting. Extensive replanting is taking place in Turkey, where approximately 300 square kilometres (74,000 acres) of cedar are planted annually. Widely planted as ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, often planted in avenues, and large lawns.