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Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander Desmognathus ochrophaeus


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Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander, northern form
credit: Pfinge

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Alternate name: Allegheny Dusky Salamander

Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family

Description Medium sized, brownish in color with smooth skin and varying patterns, usually with a stripe down the back with dark spots in the centre and flanking either side.

Dimensions 7-11cm. (2 3/4-4 3/8")

Breeding Breeds in Fall. Up to 2 dozen eggs laid, attached to moss near water. female guards nest. Larvae hatch following summer. Sexually mature after 3 years.

Habitat Under stones, logs, and bark near springs, streams and other areas where the ground is saturated with water.

Range Found in Canada and the USA. From the Hudson River to Georgia and Alabama.

Discussion Needs to keep its skin wet to breathe since it is 'lungless'. Somewhat terrestrial. Congregates in groups around springheads during winter. This is also for breeding and serves as a good place to lay larvae. Diest consists of small invertebrates and insects.