Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family
Description Large evergreen coniferous tree. Bark light grey to reddish grey with age, thin, furrowed, scaly plates, covered with resin blisters. Needles flattened, 2-4.5 cm. long and 2 mm. wide by 0.5 mm thick, matt dark green above, and with two white bands of stomata below, slightly notched at the tip. Needles spiral on shoot, each variably twisted at the base. Shoots orange-red. Cones 9–17 cm. long and 4–6 cm. broad, dark purple before maturity; scale bracts short, hidden in the closed cone. Winged seeds released as cones disintegrate.
Dimensions Height: 24-46 m. (80-150 ft.)
Diameter: 0.6-1.2 m. (2-4 ft.).
Habitat Canyons & valleys, Mountains.
Range Western Canada, Alaska, California, Northwest.
Discussion Wood soft and not very strong; used for paper making, packing crates and other cheap construction work. Foliage has an attractive scent, and used for Christmas decoration, including Christmas trees.
Planted in limited areas as an ornamental tree, though its requirement for cool, humid summers restricts where it thrives.