Alternate name: Redberry Juniper
Family: Cupressaceae, Cypress view all from this family
Description Evergreen coniferous shrub or small tree, usually multi-stemmed. Crown dense, rounded. Bark pale gray, exfoliating in thin long strips, exposing orange brown underneath. Shoots 1.1–1.8 mm. thick. Leaves scale-like, 1–2 mm. long and 0.5–1.5 mm. broad on small shoots, up to 12 mm. long on vigorous shoots; arranged in alternating whorls of three or opposite pairs. Juvenile leaves, produced on young seedlings only, are needle-like. Cones berry-like, with soft resinous flesh, subglobose to ovoid, 5-10 mm. long, orange-red, with a pale pink waxy bloom, one or two seeds. Male cones 3-4 mm long, and shed their pollen in fall. Usually dioecious, with male and female cones on separate plants, occasional monoecious plants are found.
Dimensions Height: 6 m. (20 ft.)
Diameter: 0.3 m. (1 ft.).
Habitat Scrub, shrub & brushlands, Grasslands & prairies, Canyons & valleys.
Range Plains, Southwest, Texas.
Discussion Named in honor of first chief of the United States Forest Service, Gifford Pinchot. (1865-1946). Used primarily for fenceposts and fuel.