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Birding Watching:  Feeders, houses, attracting, and more!


Feeders & Houses: Houses

There are about thirty different species of birds in each region of the country that will use birdhouses to build nests, lay eggs, and raise young. These same houses are often used as roosting sites at night or during inclement weather.

Find out about natural cover for birds.

The accompanying chart shows the sizes, shapes, and entrance dimensions required by various kinds of cavity nesting birds that will use birdhouses in backyards.


Constructing a simple birdhouse

Dimensions
w - width of house
d - depth of house
h - height of house

Hole
A - entrance hole and location
B - distance of the hole to the floor of the house

Species

Dimensions
w x d x h

Hole
A B

Placement

Color

Notes


Eastern Bluebird
Sialia sialis
5"x5"x8"h
1" centered, 6" above floor
5-10' high in open, sunny
light earth tones
likes open areas esp. facing a field

Tree Swallow
Tachycineta bicolor
5"x5"x6"h
1" centered, 4" above floor
5-8' high in the open 50-100% sun
light earth tones, white
within 2 miles of a pond or lake

Purple Martin
Progne subis
Multiple apartments
6"x6"x6" ea.
2" hole
2" above floor
15-20' high in the open
white
open yard without tall trees; near water

Tufted Titmouse
Parus bicolor
4"x4"x8"h
1"
4-10' high
light earth tones
prefers in or near wooded area

Black-capped Chickadee
Parus atricapillus
4"x4"x8"h
or 5" x 5" base
11/8" centered, 6" above floor
4-8' high
light earth tones
small tree thicket

White-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta carolinensis
4"x4"x10"h
1" centered, 7" above floor
12-25' high on tree trunk
bark covered


House Wren
Troglodytes aedon
4"x4"x8"h
or 4"x6" base
1" centered, 6" above floor
5-10' high on post or hung in tree
white, light earth tones

Northern Flicker
Colaptes auratus
7"x7"x18"h
2" centered, 14" above floor
8-20' high
light earth tones
put 4" sawdust inside for nesting

Downy Woodpecker
Picoides pubescens
4"x4"x10"h
2" centered, 7" above floor
12-25' high on tree trunk
simulate natural cavity
prefers own excavation, provide sawdust

Red-headed Woodpecker
Melanerpes erythrocephalus
6"x6"x15"h
2" centered, 6-8" above floor
8-20' high post or tree trunk
simulate natural cavity
needs sawdust for nesting

Wood Duck
Aix sponsa
10"x10"x24"h
4" x 3" elliptical 20" above floor
post 2-5' high over water or on a tree 12-40' high facing water
light earth tones; natural
needs 3-4" sawdust or shavings for nesting

Eastern Screech-Owl
Otus asio
10"x10"x24"h
4"x3" elliptical 20" above floor
12-40' high on post or tree
light earth tones; natural
needs open approach on edge of woodlot or in isolated tree

American Kestrel
Falco sparverius
10"x10"x24"h
4"x3" elliptical 20" above floor
post 2-5' high over water or on a tree 12-40'
light earth tones; natural
prefers open woods or edge of woodlot

American Robin
Turdus migratorius
nesting platform 6"x6"x8"h, needs roof for rain protection
none
on side of building or arbor or in tree
light earth tones; wood
use is irregular, prefers open country, prefers water nearby

 

 

 

 

 

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